Product Pathways - Cytoskeletal Signaling
SPAK Antibody #2281
|2281S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2281||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey||Endogenous||65||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IF-F=Immunofluorescence (Frozen)
Specificity / Sensitivity
SPAK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total SPAK protein. This antibody does not cross-react with OSR1 or other members of the GCK family.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser436 of human SPAK. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293, C2C12 and NBT-II cells, using SPAK Antibody.
SPAK (STE20/SPS1-related Pro/Ala-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress responsive 1) are members of the GCK family serine/threonine kinases. Overexpression and in vitro studies demonstrate that SPAK is able to activate p38 MAP kinase indicating a possible role for SPAK in the stress response (1). Yeast two-hybrid screening revealed that SPAK and OSR1 bind to Na-K-2Cl cotransporters NKCC1 and NKCC2 and K-Cl cotransporter KCC3 (2). WNK1 and WNK4 phosphorylate SPAK at Thr243/247 and Ser380 (3-5). Similarly, WNK1 and WNK4 phosphorylate OSR1 at Thr185 and Ser315 (3,4). Phosphorylation at these sites stimulates SPAK and OSR1 activity, leading to NKCC1 phosphorylation and enhanced NKCC1 activity (3-5). SPAK is also phosphorylated at Ser311 by PKCθ in response to T cell activation. Substitution of Ser311 with Ala or specific siRNA knock-down of SPAK dramatically reduces TCR/CD28-induced AP-1 activation, suggesting SPAK is involved in T cell signaling as well (6).
- Johnston, A.M. et al. (2000) Oncogene 19, 4290-7.
- Piechotta, K. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 50812-9.
- Vitari, A.C. et al. (2005) Biochem J 391, 17-24.
- Moriguchi, T. et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 42685-93.
- Gagnon, K.B. et al. (2006) Mol Cell Biol 26, 689-98.
- Li, Y. et al. (2004) EMBO J 23, 1112-22.
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This product is intended for research purposes only. The product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.
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