Product Pathways - Cell Cycle / Checkpoint
BrdU Cell Proliferation Chemiluminescent Assay Kit #5492
|5492S||1 Kit (500 assays (96 well format))||---||In Stock||---|
|5492||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|Kit Includes||Quantity||Solution Color|
|BrdU||1 x 0.15 ml||Colorless|
|Fixing/denaturing Solution||2 x 25 ml||Colorless|
|BrdU Detection Antibody||1 x 0.5 ml||Green|
|Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody||1 x 0.5 ml||Red|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||1 x 50 ml||Green|
|HRP-linked Antibody Diluent||1 x 50 ml||Red|
|Luminol/Enhancer Solution||1 x 25 ml||Colorless|
|Stable Peroxide Buffer||1 x 25 ml||Colorless|
|20X Wash Buffer||1 x 50 ml||Colorless|
The BrdU Cell Proliferation Assay Kit detects 5-bromo-2’-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporated into cellular DNA during cell proliferation using an anti-BrdU antibody. When cells are cultured with labeling medium that contains BrdU, this pyrimidine analog is incorporated in place of thymidine into the newly synthesized DNA of proliferating cells. After removing labeling medium, cells are fixed and the DNA is denatured with our fixing/denaturing solution. Denaturing of DNA is necessary to improve the accessibility of the incorporated BrdU to the detection antibody. A BrdU mouse mAb is then added to detect the incorporated BrdU. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody is used to recognize the bound detection antibody. Chemiluminescent reagent is added for signal development. The magnitude of light emission, measured in relative light units (RLU), is proportional to the quantity of BrdU incorporated into cells, which is a direct indication of cell proliferation.
Specificity / Sensitivity
BrdU Cell Proliferation Chemiluminescent Assay Kit detects BrdU incorporation into cellular DNA during cell proliferation. The BrdU-labeled DNA must be denatured to be detected by the BrdU mouse mAb used in this kit. This BrdU mouse mAb does not cross-react with endogenous DNA. Depending on the cell type and the incubation time applied in the assay, 0.2-2x104 cells/well are sufficient for most experimental setups. For best results, a cell number titration (Figure 1) is recommended.
Halogenated nucleotides such as the pyrimidine analog bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) are useful for labeling nascent DNA in living cells and tissues. BrdU becomes incorporated into replicating DNA in place of thymidine and subsequent immunodetection of BrdU using specific monoclonal antibodies allows labeling of cells in S phase of the cell cycle. After pulse-labeling cells or tissues with bromodeoxyuridine, BrdU (Bu20a) Mouse mAb can be used to detect BrdU incorporated into single stranded DNA. Please see our detailed protocol for information regarding the labeling procedure and denaturation of double stranded DNA for various immunodetection applications (1-4).
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