Product Pathways - Autophagy Signaling
LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb #4599
|4599S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4599T||20 µl (2 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4599||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat||Endogenous||14, 16||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Monkey, Dog.
Specificity / Sensitivity
LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of total LC3A protein. This antibody may also react with LC3B.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the amino terminus of human LC3A.
Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa and NIH/3T3 cells, untreated or chloroquine-treated (50 μM, overnight), using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human glioblastoma multiforme using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human colon carcinoma using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb (left) or
Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (right).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded HeLa cell pellets, control (left) or choloroquine-treated (right), using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HCT-116 cells, untreated (left) or choroquine-treated (50 uM, overnight; right) using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb (green) and β-Catenin (L54E2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) #5612 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Flow cytometric analysis of Chloroquine-treated HeLa cells, using LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (red).
Autophagy is a catabolic process for the autophagosomic-lysosomal degradation of bulk cytoplasmic contents (1,2). Autophagy is generally activated by conditions of nutrient deprivation, but it has also been associated with a number of physiological processes including development, differentiation, neurodegenerative diseases, infection, and cancer (3). Autophagy marker Light Chain 3 (LC3) was originally identified as a subunit of microtubule-associated proteins 1A and 1B (termed MAP1LC3) (4) and subsequently found to contain similarity to the yeast protein Apg8/Aut7/Cvt5 critical for autophagy (5). Three human LC3 isoforms (LC3A, LC3B, and LC3C) undergo post-translational modifications during autophagy (6-9). Cleavage of LC3 at the carboxy terminus immediately following synthesis yields the cytosolic LC3-I form. During autophagy, LC3-I is converted to LC3-II through lipidation by a ubiquitin-like system involving Atg7 and Atg3 that allows for LC3 to become associated with autophagic vesicles (6-10). The presence of LC3 in autophagosomes and the conversion of LC3 to the lower migrating form, LC3-II, have been used as indicators of autophagy (11).
- Reggiori, F. and Klionsky, D.J. (2002) Eukaryot. Cell 1, 11-21.
- Codogno, P. and Meijer, A.J. (2005) Cell Death Differ. 12 Suppl 2, 1509-18.
- Levine, B. and Yuan, J. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115, 2679-88.
- Mann, S.S. and Hammarback, J.A. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 11492-97.
- Lang, T. et al. (1998) EMBO J. 17, 3597-607.
- Kabeya, Y. et al. (2000) EMBO J. 19, 5720-28.
- He, H. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 29278-87.
- Tanida, I. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 47704-10.
- Wu, J. et al. (2006) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 339, 437-42.
- Ichimura, Y. et al. (2000) Nature 408, 488-92.
- Kabeya, Y. et al. (2004) J. Cell Sci. 117, 2805-12.
- Said, A. et al. (2014) J Immunol 193, 6135-43. Applications: IF-IC (In Cells).
- Zhang, M.Z. et al. (2014) Diabetes 63, 2063-72. Applications: IHC-P (paraffin), Western Blotting.
- Sharifi-Sanjani, M. et al. (2014) J Am Heart Assoc 3, e000670. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Trzoss, L. et al. (2014) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111, 14687-92. Applications: Western Blotting.
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This product is intended for research purposes only. The product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.
DRAQ5 is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.