Product Pathways - MAPK Signaling
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody #9101
|9101L||600 µl (60 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|9101S||200 µl (20 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|9101||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey, Mink, D. melanogaster, Zebrafish, Bovine, Pig, C. elegans||Endogenous||42, 44||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Chicken.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody detects endogenous levels of p44 and p42 MAP Kinase (Erk1 and Erk2) when phosphorylated either individually or dually at Thr202 and Tyr204 of Erk1 (Thr185 and Tyr187 of Erk2). The antibody does not cross-react with the corresponding phosphorylated residues of either JNK/SAPK or p38 MAP Kinase, and does not cross-react with non-phosphorylated Erk1/2.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Thr202/Tyr204 of human p44 MAP kinase.
Specificity and sensitivity of Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody. The antibody reacts specifically with as little as 0.25 ng of phosphorylated p42 MAP kinase and does not cross-react with up to 4 µg of nonphosphorylated p42 MAP kinase.
Western blot analysis of whole-cell extracts from unstarved wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) treated with the indicated combinations of basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF #9952, 100 ng/ml for 30 minutes), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF #9909, 100 ng/ml for 30 minutes), MEK1 Inhibitor (PD98059 #9900, 50 µM, 2 hour pre-treatment), and MEK1/2 Inhibitor (U0126 #9903, 10 µM, 2 hour pre-treatment), using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody #9101 (upper panel) and p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (137F5) Rabbit mAb #4695 (lower panel).
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of NIH/3T3 cells either U0126-treated (left) or PDGF-treated (right) and labeled with Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor® 555 phalloidin #8953 (red).
Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells, untreated (green) or PMA-treated (blue), using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Antibody compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).
Phosphorylated MEK and Erk were assayed in human peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated with PMA in the presence or absence of the Raf inhibitor BAY 37-9751 or the MEK inhibitor U0126 #9903. BAY 37-951 blocked PMA-stimulated phosphorylation of both MEK and Erk, consistent with inhibition at the level of Raf, while U0126 blocked phosphorylation of Erk only, consistent with inhibition at the level of MEK. From Chow, S. et al. (2001) Cytometry 46, 72-78.
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a widely conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases involved in many cellular programs, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and death. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) signaling pathway can be activated in response to a diverse range of extracellular stimuli including mitogens, growth factors, and cytokines (1-3), and research investigators consider it an important target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (4). Upon stimulation, a sequential three-part protein kinase cascade is initiated, consisting of a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MAP3K), a MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK or MAP2K), and a MAP kinase (MAPK). Multiple p44/42 MAP3Ks have been identified, including members of the Raf family, as well as Mos and Tpl2/COT. MEK1 and MEK2 are the primary MAPKKs in this pathway (5,6). MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. Several downstream targets of p44/42 have been identified, including p90RSK (7) and the transcription factor Elk-1 (8,9). p44/42 are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs (10), along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.
- Roux, P.P. and Blenis, J. (2004) Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68, 320-44.
- Baccarini, M. (2005) FEBS Lett 579, 3271-7.
- Meloche, S. and Pouysségur, J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3227-39.
- Roberts, P.J. and Der, C.J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3291-310.
- Rubinfeld, H. and Seger, R. (2005) Mol Biotechnol 31, 151-74.
- Murphy, L.O. and Blenis, J. (2006) Trends Biochem Sci 31, 268-75.
- Dalby, K.N. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 1496-505.
- Marais, R. et al. (1993) Cell 73, 381-93.
- Kortenjann, M. et al. (1994) Mol Cell Biol 14, 4815-24.
- Owens, D.M. and Keyse, S.M. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3203-13.
- Michels, S. et al. (2013) Cancer Res 73, 2518-28. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Radomska, H.S. et al. (2012) J Clin Invest 122, 2955-66. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Moritz, A. et al. (2010) Sci Signal 3, ra64. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Tsuda, M. et al. (2008) Glia 56, 378-86. Applications: IF-IC (In Cells).
- Kawagoe, T. et al. (2008) Nat Immunol 9, 684-91. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Abe, T. et al. (2007) J Virol 81, 8953-66. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Patrucco, E. et al. (2004) Cell 118, 375-87. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Zhang, Y.W. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 100, 12718-23. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Yu, C. et al. (2002) Cancer Res. 62, 188-99. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Schulze, A. et al. (2001) Genes. Dev. 15, 981-94. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Dai, Y. et al. (2001) Cancer Res. 61, 5106-15. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Chow, S. et al. (2001) Cytometry 46, 72-8. Applications: Flow Cytometry.
- Zimmermann, S. and Moelling, K. (1999) Science 286, 1741-4. Applications: Western Blotting.
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