Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mixProduct information
Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix
|100 µl (10 western blots)||-||Unavailable in your region|
Product Pathways - Screening Technologies
Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix #5759
|5759S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|5759||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|W||1:1000||All Species Expected||Endogenous||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, E-P=Peptide ELISA (DELFIA)
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix preferentially recognizes endogenous proteins and peptides bearing the LXRXXpS/pT motif. The antibody also cross-reacts with proteins and peptides that only harbor an RXXpS/pT motif.
Source / Purification
MultiMab™ rabbit monoclonal mix antibodies are prepared by combining individual rabbit monoclonal clones in optimized ratios for the approved applications. Each antibody in the mix is carefully selected based on motif recognition and performance in multiple assays. Each mix is engineered to yield the broadest possible coverage of the modification being studied while ensuring a high degree of specificity for the modification or motif.
Western blot analysis of extracts from various mouse tissues using Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix
Western blot analysis of extracts from H1650 cells, untreated or treated with phenformin (5 mM, 1 hr), using
Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix. Western blot was imaged using Odyssey® Infrared Imaging System (LI-COR® Biosciences).
Immunoprecipitation of extracts from H1650 cells using Phospho-AMPK Substrate Motif [LXRXX(pS/pT) MultiMab™ Rabbit mAb mix. Lane 1 shows 10% input. Western blot analysis was performed using the same antibody.
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is highly conserved from yeast to plants and animals and plays a key role in the regulation of energy homeostasis (1). AMPK is a heterotrimeric complex composed of a catalytic α subunit and regulatory β and γ subunits, each of which is encoded by two or three distinct genes (α1, 2; β1, 2; γ1, 2, 3) (2). The kinase is activated by an elevated AMP/ATP ratio due to cellular and environmental stress, such as heat shock, hypoxia, and ischemia (1). The tumor suppressor LKB1, in association with accessory proteins STRAD and MO25, phosphorylates AMPKα at Thr172 in the activation loop, and this phosphorylation is required for AMPK activation (3-5). AMPKα is also phosphorylated at Thr258 and Ser485 (for α1; Ser491 for α2). The upstream kinase and the biological significance of these phosphorylation events have yet to be elucidated (6). The β1 subunit is post-translationally modified by myristoylation and multi-site phosphorylation including Ser24/25, Ser96, Ser101, Ser108, and Ser182 (6,7). Phosphorylation at Ser108 of the β1 subunit seems to be required for the activation of AMPK enzyme, while phosphorylation at Ser24/25 and Ser182 affects AMPK localization (7). Several mutations in AMPKγ subunits have been identified, most of which are located in the putative AMP/ATP binding sites (CBS or Bateman domains). Mutations at these sites lead to reduction of AMPK activity and cause glycogen accumulation in heart or skeletal muscle (1,2). Accumulating evidence indicates that AMPK not only regulates the metabolism of fatty acids and glycogen, but also modulates protein synthesis and cell growth through EF2 and TSC2/mTOR pathways, as well as blood flow via eNOS/nNOS (1).
AMPK phosphorylates consensus motif (L/M)XRXX(S/T)XXXL (8). Antibodies recognizing the LXRXX(S/T) motif are very useful in the identification of AMPK substrates.
- Hardie, D.G. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 5479-87.
- Carling, D. (2004) Trends Biochem Sci 29, 18-24.
- Hawley, S.A. et al. (1996) J Biol Chem 271, 27879-87.
- Lizcano, J.M. et al. (2004) EMBO J 23, 833-43.
- Shaw, R.J. et al. (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101, 3329-35.
- Woods, A. et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 28434-42.
- Warden, S.M. et al. (2001) Biochem J 354, 275-83.
- Gwinn, D.M. et al. (2008) Mol Cell 30, 214-26.
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This product is intended for research purposes only. The product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.
LI-COR is a registered trademark of LI-COR, Inc.
Odyssey is a registered trademark of LI-COR, Inc.
MultiMab is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Use of Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Motif Antibodies within certain methods (e.g., U.S. Patents No. 7,198,896 and 7,300,753) may require a license from CST. For information regarding academic licensing terms please have your technology transfer office contact CST Legal Department at CST_ip@cellsignal.com. For information regarding commercial licensing terms please contact CST Pharma Services Department at email@example.com.