Product Class: Nucleic Acid Marker

100 bp DNA Ladder

Catalog #SizeConcentrationGel Lanes
N3231S0.1 ml500 μg/ml100
N3231L0.5 ml500 μg/ml500


A number of proprietary plasmids are digested to completion with appropriate restriction enzymes to yield 12 bands suitable for use as molecular weight standards for agarose gel electrophoresis. The digested DNA includes fragments ranging from 100-1,517 base pairs. The 500 and 1,000 base pair bands have increased intensity to serve as reference points. The approximate mass of DNA in each of the bands is provided (assuming a 0.5 μg load) for approximating the mass of DNA in comparably intense samples of similar size.

Comes supplied with 1 vial of Gel Loading Dye, Blue (6X).


100 bp DNA Ladder visualized by ethidium bromide staining on a 1.3% TAE agarose gel. Mass values are for 0.5 µg/lane.

Properties and Usage



Effective Size Range

100bp to 1,517bp

Storage Temperature


Storage Conditions

10 mM Tris-HCl
pH 8.0 @ 25°C

Supporting Documents

Material Safety Datasheets

The following is a list of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) that apply to this product to help you use it safely. The following file naming structure is used to name these document files: [Product Name] MSDS. For international versions please contact us at


The Product Summary Sheet, or Data Card, includes details for how to use the product, as well as details of its formulation and quality controls. The following file naming structure is used to name the majority of these document files: [Catalog Number]Datasheet-Lot[Lot Number]. For those product lots not listed below, please contact NEB at or fill out the Technical Support Form for appropriate document.


  1. This ladder was not designed for precise quantification of DNA mass but can be used for approximating the mass of DNA in comparably intense samples of similar size.
  2. We recommend loading 0.5 μg of 100 bp DNA Ladder diluted in sample buffer.
  3. All fragments have 4-base, 5´ overhangs that can be end labeled using T4 Polynucleotide Kinase (#M0201) or filled-in using DNA Polymerase I, Klenow Fragment (#M0210) (1). Use α-[32P] dATP or α-[32P] dTTP for the fill-in reaction.
  4. 100 bp DNA Ladder is stable for at least 3 months at 4°C.
  5. For long term storage store at -20°C. If samples need to be diluted, use TE or other buffer of minimal ionic strength. DNA may denature if diluted in dH2O.
  6. Due to the limitations of the acrylamide gel technology, one or two extra bands may be visible on the DNA ladders when run on a polyacrylamide gel.
  7. 1X Gel Loading Dye, Blue:
    2.5% Ficoll-400
    11 mM EDTA
    3.3 mM Tris-HCL (pH 8.0@25°C)
    0.017% SDS
    0.015% bromophenol blue


  1. Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989). Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual (2nd Ed.). 10.51-10.67.
  1. Why are there extra bands visible on polyacrylamide gels?
  2. Why is the separation of the lower bands incomplete?
  3. What are the overhangs on the DNA ladder fragments? Can I end-label them using the T4 polynucleotide kinase (PNK)? What about the Klenow fragment?
  4. Why are the DNA ladders showing up on my Southern blot? What is the sequence or composition of the ladder bands?
  5. How can I quantify the amount of DNA in each band of a marker?
  6. Can I use GelRed with the DNA Ladders from NEB?
  7. Can I use SYBR® with the DNA Ladders from NEB?
  8. Can I use Midori Green with the DNA Ladders from NEB?
  1. End-labeling Protocol
  2. Suggested protocol for loading a sample (N3231)
  3. Suggested protocol for loading a sample

Selection Tools

To make it ready-to-load, dilute in TE buffer instead of water.