SPAK AntibodyProduct information
|100 µl (10 western blots)||-||Unavailable in your region|
Product Pathways - Cytoskeletal Signaling
SPAK Antibody #2281
|2281S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2281||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey||Endogenous||65||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IF-F=Immunofluorescence (Frozen)
Specificity / Sensitivity
SPAK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total SPAK protein. This antibody does not cross-react with OSR1 or other members of the GCK family.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser436 of human SPAK. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293, C2C12 and NBT-II cells, using SPAK Antibody.
SPAK (STE20/SPS1-related Pro/Ala-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress responsive 1) are members of the GCK family serine/threonine kinases. Overexpression and in vitro studies demonstrate that SPAK is able to activate p38 MAP kinase indicating a possible role for SPAK in the stress response (1). Yeast two-hybrid screening revealed that SPAK and OSR1 bind to Na-K-2Cl cotransporters NKCC1 and NKCC2 and K-Cl cotransporter KCC3 (2). WNK1 and WNK4 phosphorylate SPAK at Thr243/247 and Ser380 (3-5). Similarly, WNK1 and WNK4 phosphorylate OSR1 at Thr185 and Ser315 (3,4). Phosphorylation at these sites stimulates SPAK and OSR1 activity, leading to NKCC1 phosphorylation and enhanced NKCC1 activity (3-5). SPAK is also phosphorylated at Ser311 by PKCθ in response to T cell activation. Substitution of Ser311 with Ala or specific siRNA knock-down of SPAK dramatically reduces TCR/CD28-induced AP-1 activation, suggesting SPAK is involved in T cell signaling as well (6).
- Johnston, A.M. et al. (2000) Oncogene 19, 4290-7.
- Piechotta, K. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 50812-9.
- Vitari, A.C. et al. (2005) Biochem J 391, 17-24.
- Moriguchi, T. et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 42685-93.
- Gagnon, K.B. et al. (2006) Mol Cell Biol 26, 689-98.
- Li, Y. et al. (2004) EMBO J 23, 1112-22.
Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!
This product is intended for research purposes only. The product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.
DRAQ5 is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.